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    ANSWER KEY


    Reading Comprehension

    1.C – 10

    2.C – 137A

    3.B – Mrs. Renner’s son

    4.C – When a fire stream is required to protect occupants’ escape.

    5.B – Give a warning to the members of Engine 22 above you that the fire has spread into the third floor area.

    6.B – During rescue operations, firefighters for their own safety and that of trapped victims can call on the assistance of hoselines to provide them with direction.

    7.A – An explosion where the base of the walls of a structure is blown outward.

    8.B – A leak in the gas main to the heating system.

    9.A – A high order concentrated explosion from some material such as dynamite.

    10.B – The results of an implosion are more likely to be visible on the structure than the primary force of a concentrated explosion.

    Information Ordering

    11.Answer is C.
    1)The hole should be located between the joists or rafters.  Thus the joists or rafters should never be cut, as they are the main support for the roof.
    2)Locate the joists by sounding with the axe and noting the area that is solid.  A solid sound will denote the location of the joist.
    4)Once the joists are located, an adequate size hole at least 4 feet should be marked on the roof with the pick head.  The roof covering tar paper should be removed before proceeding with the cutting procedure.
    3)Upon identifying wood sheathing, the firefighter may begin cutting with the fire axe.  The axe should not be swung as a wood cutter would use it, but with short quick strokes.

    12.Answer is D.
    4)Knots weaken a rope because the rope is bent in order to form the knot and the outside fibers take most of the strain at the bend.
    5)The knot that weakens the rope the least is one requiring the least abrupt bending.
    1)The bends that a rope undergoes in the formation of a knot or hitch are of three kinds: the bight, loop, and round turn.
    3)The bight is formed by simply bending the rope, keeping the sides parallel; the loop is made by crossing the sides of a bight; the round turn consists of the further bending of one side of a loop.
    2)Knots and hitches are formed by combining these elements in different ways so that the tight part of the rope bears on the free end to hold it in place.

    13.Answer is C.
    4)The need for respiratory protection in the fire service has increased greatly over the years.
    2)When homes were built of wood and contained furnishings of ordinary combustibles they produced fewer toxic products of combustion.
    5)These gases, though still unhealthy, were not lethal in small quantities.
    1)Such is not the case in our technological world of today.
    6)Plastics, synthetic materials, pesticides, and other hazardous products can be found everywhere.
    3)It has been well documented that most fire deaths occur from inhalation of smoke and toxic gases, rather than actual contact with fire.

    Deductive Reasoning


    14.C – As stated in the types of alarms and times of occurrences chart, the severe fires were alarms #6, #7, and #8, all of which occurred in the early morning hours.

    15.C – After completing step #3 – shutting off the gas outside at meter or curb valve – firefighters would proceed to step #4 which involves opening windows and doors from outside to obtain ventilation.

    16.C – Of the choices listed, the correct statement concerning the gas emergency at the school is that firefighters operated an electrical switch within the building.

    Judgment

    17.B – By maintaining an equal balance between your job as a firefighter and your home life, you are allowing yourself the opportunity to enjoy life more, which will reflect in a positive manner in both your home and work lives.

    18.B – Firefighters number one concern arriving at a fire is the life safety of the occupants. Therefore, the most appropriate first question to be asked by the officer would be if there was anybody presently in the house.
    19.C – First look over the inventory, organize it, and see what will be needed to accomplish the task within the given time frame.  Even though your time frame is shorter, your approach should first be to organize it in order to successfully complete the task within the time frame.

    20.D – Your first concern should be for Firefighter B’s health.  By asking first if he is all right, you are expressing that concern. Then you should proceed to ask him how much he had to drink and how long ago.

    21.D – Although you cannot tell what is wrong by looking at the ankle, you should take proper safety precautions and prevent motion of the ankle because of the possibility of a fracture.

    22.A – Closing the doors between rooms will decrease the spread of the fire, allowing firefighters to concentrate on extinguishing the fire’s point of origin.

    23.A – Your immediate attention should be checking for injuries to the occupants of the cars.

    24.B – Go up to your fellow firefighter and ask for an explanation of his behavior.  Do not make rash judgments without seeing if there is a reason for the behavior.

    Inductive Reasoning

    25.D – The landlord had a total of 24 violations during the 1st visit and a total of 8 violations during the 2nd visit, for a total of 32.  The tenant had a total of 20 violations during the 1st visit and a total of 9 violations during the 2nd visit, for a total of 29.

    26.A – The landlord was required to meet a total of 96 safety requirements, while the tenant was required to meet 69. The relationship of violations to number of requirements clearly indicates that the landlord was more effective than the tenants in meeting safety requirements.

    27.A – Similarities that are helpful to solve questions of this nature are height, build, weight, hair, and similar clothes. As you can see in Report No. 1, the individual is a white male, age 30, 5’10.  Key factors are weight-180 lbs, dark hair, moustache, black jacket.  Remember when answering these questions that the descriptions do not have to be identical to the description of the suspect.

    28.B – Three cases of fireworks and three boxes of small arms ammunition = 6


    Verbal Reasoning

    29.B

    30.A

    31.D

    Charts

    32.B – Hydrant A – 2/26, 4/12, 6/20, 7/14, 8/3; Hydrant B – 2/14, 3/15, 7/20, 12/6, 12/18; Hydrant C – 1/12, 6/23, 9/13, 11/30. From the chart, it indicates that Type A hydrants are broken most often in the summer; Type B hydrants are broken more in the summer. For hydrant C, there is no established pattern.

    33.D – From the chart, broken hydrants most often occurred in front of non-food businesses, with a total of 4 occurrences.

    34.D – For the number of alarms relative to population, you must divide the number of alarms by the population.  For District V, the answer is .006; for District W, it is .010; District Y, .009; District Z, .0014.

    35.B – In 1998, there were a total of 399 alarms.  399  12 (months) = 33.25.

    36.B – 88 + 85 + 85 + 85 + 93 + 101 = 537
    537  6 = 89.5

    Math

    37.3.5% of 80 =

    .035
    x 80
     000
     280
    2.80(C)

    38.A rookie firefighter has spent the following number of hours studying for an upcoming entrance examination: Monday – 3-1/2 hours; Tuesday – 4 hours and 15 minutes; Wednesday – 2 hours; Thursday – 1 hour and 45 minutes; Friday – 1 hour; and Saturday – 2 hours and 15 minutes.  She has been instructed that she will need to study 2-1/2 times more than the amount she has already studied. What will be the total number of hours required to be successful on the examination:

    Add total time spent = 14.75 hours and then multiply by 2.5 = 36.8(B)

    39.Multiply:

       .016
    x  .016
         096
       016
     000
    .00256(C)

    Must add additional 0 because there are 6 decimal points

    40.If A = 3 and B = 6 and C = 5, what is AB + BC?

    AB = 3 x 6 = 18
    BC = 6 x 5 = 30
    30 + 18 = 48(B)

    41.The Metroland Fire Department responded to 12,486 fires during the year.  it has been concluded from the Fire Prevention Bureau that 27% of those fires were categorized as preventable. What is the number of fires that could have been prevented?

    12,486 x .27 = 3,371(A)

    42.8-3/4 divided by 2-1/2 = 3-1/2 when reduced(C)

    For question 43, find the numerical value of the following expression when a = 6, b = 5, c = 4, m = 3, n = 2

    43.b / (4 + mn)

    5  (4 + (3x2))
    5  (4 + 6)
    5 10 = 0.5(A)

    Friction loss (FL) is the resistance encountered by the free flow of water in a fire hose. As a hose is used to move water from a source to a fire, its movement is hindered by the friction of water upon the hose.  As a consequence, the velocity of the stream is constantly decreased by this friction as it moves through the hose.  Friction loss is usually computed in terms of the drop in discharge pressure that occurs between the pumper truck and the hose nozzle in pounds per square inch (psi).  The following formulas are used to calculate friction loss, in psi, for different size hoses.  In each case, the formula gives the friction loss in psi per 100 feet of hose.

    Friction loss per 100 feet of 1-1/2 inch hose: Drop the last digit form the gallons per minute (gpm) flowing through the hose, square the remaining value and then divide by three. For example, a 100 foot length of 1.5 inch hose with a 40 gpm nozzle would have a friction loss of: (4 x 4)/3 = 5.3, or approximately 5 psi.

    Friction loss per 100 feet of 2-1/2 inch hose (2 x Q² + Q):  FL = 2(Q x Q) + Q, where Q = 

    Friction loss per 100 feet of 3 inch hose (.8 x Q² + 1): FL = .8(Q x Q) + 1, where Q =  = Q

    When two or more equal sized lines are running from the same source, divide the gpm by the number of supply lines and use the appropriate formulas above.

    Based on the information above, determine the approximate friction loss in psi for questions 44-46:

    44.100 ft of 2-1/2 inch hose at 200 gpm:

    1) = 2
    2)2 x (2 x 2) + 2 = 10(B)

    45.400 ft of 1-1/2 inch hose at 90 gpm:

    1)90 = 9
    2)9 x 9 = 81
    3)81  3 = 27
    4)27 x 4 (4 hundred feet of hose) = 108(C)

    46.100 ft of 3 inch hose at 400 gpm:

    1) = 4
    2).8 x (4 x 4) + 1 = 13.8(C)

    47.If one gallon of water weighs 8.35 pounds, how many gallons of water would weigh 16,000 pounds?

     .00(B)
    835
    7650
    7515
      1350
       835
       5150
       5010


    Use the following numerical values when answering question 48:
       a = 6, b = 5, c = 4, m = 3, n = 2


    48. ²  - 2n

    1. ² - 2 x 2 =

    2.a(6) + b(5) x 2 = 121

    3. = 11 x 11 = 121

    4. - 4 =

    5.11 - 4 = 7(A)

    49.5% of 20 =

    20 x .05 = 1(C)


    50.Captain Edward Johnson recently purchased the following material in preparation for a first responder seminar concerning medical emergencies:  $11.27 for paper; $2.93 for pencils/pens; $1.41 for chalk; $13.87 for folders; and $4.92 for transparencies. If the class is given over a 5-day period, what would be the average cost each day?

    $11.27 + $2.93 + $1.41 + $13.87 + $4.92 = $34.40
    $34.40  5 = $6.88(A)


    Additional testing subjects can be found in Don McNea Fire School’s Encyclopedia of Firefighter Examinations and Reading Comprehension and Mathematics Books at our entry level exam prep products webpage below.


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